A thunderstorm can be defined as a storm with thunder and lightning. Thunder can be very frightening since it roars very loudly. They occur when a warm air pocket at the ground level rises to collide with the cooler air over it. Lightning is a quick and strong electricity discharge from a storm into the floor usually originating from clouds. There are a lot of myths accompanying lightning, for example; the tallest buildings are always struck by lightning. Another myth is that it does not strike the same place twice. Neither of them is true.
Dangers of Thunder and Lightning This is around two thousand three hundred times more electrical current than what can be used in a washing machine. People prone to strikes are those who spend most of their time outdoors in unsheltered areas, for example; golfers, farm employees, or hikers. One should not only be worried about a direct hit, but a hit next to an individual is also worrying since it can be harmful. Whenever lightning strikes there is a high amount of power in the surrounding atmosphere.
How to Protect Yourself from a Thunderstorm Doing some research before going outdoors is the best way to prevent being trapped in a storm. Check the weather in your town or planned destination via a weather app or a newspaper. Before a storm, one needs to unplug all the electric appliances such as televisions since lightning occasionally causes power surges. When there is a thundering roar, you’re normally in range of a lightning strike. Even at ten miles distance from a storm’s center, lightning could strike.
Things to Do When Staying Inside during a Thunderstorm
While indoors, avoid windows, doors and skylights as strong winds can break and shatter glasses. Additionally, the blinds and curtains of doors and windows should be kept closed. Closing them prevents shattered glass from flying around or blowing in. During a lightning strike, metal pipes run lightning. Furthermore, during thunderstorms don’t use cell phones or corded electronic equipment such as phones or computers. Electrical wires are great conductors of lightning.
Things to Do if Outdoor during a Thunderstorm
If you’re outdoors, start looking for shelter as soon as possible. However, if there is not any shelter near you, try to maintain all metal and electrical devices at least twenty five centimeters away from the body. If you are exposed to bare floor, squat close to the ground with your head tucked between your knees and put your palms on your knees. Don’t lie on the floor and try not to touch the ground as much as possible. Remember to keep a safe distance away from water and sticks and locate a place of open ground that is low lying. Avoid contact with water because water conducts electricity and lightning strikes that hit water that is far away can be harmful to you if your body is in contact with the identical body of water. Low-lying areas are safer as lighting mostly strikes high objects. What’s more, while sheltering in a tent, one should steer clear of metal poles because metal objects attract and conduct lightning. A very safe place to be is in a vehicle, if at all possible, because lightning is going to be transmitted throughout the metallic parts of a car and run to the ground via the tires.
After the storm, broken wires or power lines should be avoided. If someone has been struck by lighting they normally experience severe burns. Also, the attack affects the heart. Therefore, the heartbeat of the victim has to be checked. As soon as a man or woman is struck by lightning, call an emergency number in your country because assistance is needed as soon as possible. Before approaching the victim make certain there isn’t any risk of you being struck by the lightning or residual power.
During a thunderstorm, it’s more probable that most raised, pointy objects standing alone in an open floor are highly likely to get struck but this is not a certainty. Sometimes even an open ground next to a tree could be struck. Therefore, the safest places for shelter during a thunderstorm include;
A car or any enclosed metal device is the safest place because the electric current travels through the metal and is earthed on the ground.
A ditch or a trench can be helpful since these are usually beneath the ground and it’s difficult for the lightning to strike these first.
It is always important to plan, even if there are non-lightning related storm risks. The secret is to take action ahead of time while adjusting your daily routines when you hear of potentially frightening weather forecasts. To aid in lessening the risk, these strategies can be put into practice:
Practical measures such as trimming overhanging branches or removing clutter from downpipes and gutters are some simple tasks that may be performed to prevent anyone at home from harm during stormy conditions. Storm-proofing can make a significant difference between a disaster waiting to happen or peace and safety.
If there is a prediction of a severe thunderstorm, you should park your car in a garage in which it is protected.
Driving during a storm could be harmful. However, if you are caught in a storm while driving, head for a strong roof area, like a garage. If there isn’t any available shelter, pull to the side of the road and cover your face with clothes for protection from broken glass.
A thunderstorm is a mix of both the lightning and the thunder. Individuals should always ahead before a storm happens to prevent being trapped in one. However, if a storm is suddenly upon you, you should look for safe places like in uniform shrubs, inside a vehicle or in a trench. While inside, you should avoid using electric appliances and especially coded ones as these all run electricity. When outdoors, start looking for flat, bare floor and squat. Avoid water surfaces as they transmit electric currents from a far distance.