The lettuce or the peaches are not the same as before. It’s a subject of conversation on many tables and a reality that has driven a new generation of dietetics: that of the so-called super foods.
Given the reduction in the quality of the goods we consume today and, occasionally, in the face of an unbalanced diet, the coming of these new products with extra properties is more than welcome: they are high in antioxidants (like vitamins A, C and E) ) and phytonutrients (chemical substances present in plants that provide color and flavor, as well as protection against ultraviolet radiation and infections), eliminate toxins, contribute to decrease the risk of heart disease or cancer and fight aging.
It is not uncommon to hear about the excellence of standard products in the Mediterranean diet, such as olive oil.
Myth or Reality
Are we faced with medicines capable of curing and protecting against possible ailments or is this a temporary and baseless tendency, a product of the popular interest of the developed world for diet and health?
A simple search in Google on the term”Hillsboro Beach Wildlife Removal” shows that every 0.13 seconds someone monitors the term on the Internet.
Additionally, it returns around 700,000 results.
However, in spite of its omnipresence, there is not an official definition.
Is it a fad or fashion; It is not something new. Years ago the scientific community named functional ingredients to nutrients that, without adding calories, maintain health, such as olive oil, nuts or blue fish. Hence comes the title super food, but this doesn’t delight in the scientific evidence. It is true they are very healthy products.
Instead, rather than particular products, talk about food super-patterns: there is inadequate evidence of their claimed properties, in fact, the majority of studies have conducted in vitro tests on animals and use very high doses of substances, impossible to achieve with the habitual intake of the food that contains them.
Even so, it is a fact that some are rich in bioactive substances or in phytochemicals that are in the focus of study, like flavonoids, carotenes, phenolic compounds…”.
“They’re healthy products, but they don’t cure, they only maintain health at best”. Warns Irene Breton.
For this expert, the best way to present the body with everything you’ll need is through a varied diet rich in legumes, fruits, vegetables, nuts and whole grains, but without exclusive consumption of a specific product or excluding others, such as eggs or dairy”What contributes to health or eliminate the food patterns rather than eating something isolated. Some cater to do great business, that ask it to people who promoted the oat bran, exotic juices or Goji berries, the latter considered by many a super food when they are not different from our raisins,”.
In Spain, we spend more than 2,000 million euros on miracle products, which sometimes includes extracts from allegedly prodigious foods. Based on Nieves Palacios, expert in Endocrinology and Sports Medicine, when making a menu we can not forget fruits, nuts and vegetables every day and vegetables and fish two or three times a week.
In 2013 The New England Journal of Medicine published the results of a study of the Carlos III Institute of Madrid in patients with cardiovascular risk that proved that a diet rich in such foods and low in soft drinks, fatty meats and sweets reduced up to 30% the likelihood of heart attacks. “The concept” super”is becoming popular in the media, not one of scientists,” he adds.
Exotic and traditional
What does seem clear is that incorporating these foods into a balanced diet is beneficial both physically and emotionally. “It produces emotional well-being and increases self-esteem, by being aware that we’re taking care of our body,” says Itxasne Tome, a psychologist at the Ravenna Clinic.
But what to buy?
The acclaimed of all the life or people of extravagant name exalted by bloggers and journalists? Paula Rosso, nutritionist at the Lajo Plaza medical center, do not bet on both choices.
“Some traditions return when they discover their active ingredients : for example Omega-3 acids and chia fiber, protectors of the cardiovascular system, or Goji berries, excellent antioxidant, although it’s been discovered that some industrial demonstrations incorporated high doses of heavy metals, hence they sell less.
Whatever the case, Mediterranean foods are also a source of vitamins and also the cornerstone of the diet,”adds the nutritionist. And as important as what to take is the means to do it.
“This sort of food must be consumed raw or with the least possible cooking and take it very fresh so that it keeps its properties intact and makes it easier for the body to absorb it,” states Dr. Rosso. And nothing to gorge on a single and marginalise all others.
“There is evidence that fruits and vegetables fight cancer, but in the form of supplements – that is, isolating their nutrients outside – they don’t produce the exact effects. Including huge doses of a new food can occasionally mean displacing others of greater nutritional value and thus add to the imbalance,”says Manuel Monino.